The 'Investment Innovation Benchmark project (IIB)' represents an academic action research project. Action research is a method of academic enquiry where the academics participate and actively influence their research setting. Any outcome, output, part, or aspects of this academic research project or any other communication of any participant of this academic research project, academic or otherwise, before, during or after this academic research project is strictly for information purposes only and does not represent an offer, solicitation, recommendation or advice in any other form to sell or purchase any investment, security or other financial product. The information and any opinions provided by the academic research project and any of its participants during the course of this research project are as of the date stated in each document and no participant has any obligation to update them. Past financial performance is not indicative of future results, and no representation or warranty, expressed or implied, is made regarding future financial performance. Past performance on any other specific issue (eg carbon emissions) is not representative of future performance on the respective specific issue, and no representation or warranty, expressed or implied, is made regarding future performance on the respective specific issue. All information contained in this academic research project is not warranted as to completeness or accuracy and is subject to change without notice.